Rural development means the development of the villages. Bangladesh is a land of villages. So, prosperity of the country depends on the welfare of the villages.
Our villages are under developed though they are the heart of the country. Communication is not as developed as we need. Illiteracy is a problem. People do not know about health and sanitation. They on agriculture. But they do not know how to cultivate scientifically. There are many poor and landless farmers. They live from hand to mouth. People do not have income generating projects to work. So the pace of rural development is very slow. The remotest village areas of the country are very backward in all respects. The government of the country is aware of this situation. So a lot of steps have been taken for development. Integrated Rural Development Programme (IRDP), Palli Biddutoayan, Grameen Bank. Village Co-operatives are some of the projects by the Govt. Some NGO’s are implementing some projects for or rural development and poverty alleviation.
Our unemployed people should have training for self-employment. They should be helped and financed for fish cultivation or other activities for earning. Our women should be made educated. The should have
Bang1adesh means rural lands or a land of villages. Only urban development will not give us real prosperity of the country without rural development. We should give attention to cottage industries. Bangladesh has an agro-based economy. The farmers are the hub of this economy. So, we must improve their lot for our rural development.
Rural development is the process of improving the quality of life and economic well-being of people living in rural areas, often relatively isolated and sparsely populated areas.
Rural development has traditionally centered on the exploitation of land-intensive natural resources such as agriculture and forestry. However, changes in global production networks and increased urbanization have changed the character of rural areas. Increasingly tourism, niche manufacturers, and recreation have replaced resource extraction and agriculture as dominant economic drivers. The need for rural communities to approach development from a wider perspective has created more focus on a broad range of development goals rather than merely creating incentive for agricultural or resource based businesses. Education, entrepreneurship, physical infrastructure, and social infrastructure all play an important role in developing rural regions. Rural development is also characterized by its emphasis on locally produced economic development strategies. In contrast to urban regions, which have many similarities, rural areas are highly distinctive from one another. For this reason there are a large variety of rural development approaches used globally.
Rural development is a comprehensive term. It essentially focuses on action for the development of areas outside the mainstream urban economic system. we should think of what type of rural development is needed because modernization of village leads to urbanization and village environment disappears.
Rural development actions are intended to further the social and economic development of rural communities.
Rural development programs have historically been top-down from local or regional authorities, regional development agencies, NGOs, national governments or international development organizations. Local populations can also bring about endogenous initiatives for development. The term is not limited to issues of developing countries. In fact many developed countries have very active rural development programs.
Rural development aims at finding ways to improve rural lives with participation of rural people themselves, so as to meet the required needs of rural communities. The outsider may not understand the setting, culture, language and other things prevalent in the local area. As such, rural people themselves have to participate in their sustainable rural development. In developing countries like Nepal, Pakistan, India, Bangladesh, integrated development approaches are being followed up. In this context, many approaches and ideas have been developed and implemented, for instance, bottom-up approach, PRA- Participatory Rural Appraisal, RRA- Rapid Rural Appraisal, etc.
Rural development agencies
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