Shankar Alcatena Bibliography

In this Indian name, the name Shanmugam is a patronymic, not a family name, and the person should be referred to by the given name, Shankar.

S. Shankar
BornShankar Shanmugam
(1963-08-17) 17 August 1963 (age 54)[1]
Kumbakonam, Madras State, India
ResidenceChennai, Tamil Nadu, India
OccupationFilm director, film producer, screenwriter
Years active1993–present
Spouse(s)Easwari Shankar
ChildrenAishwarya Shankar
Aditi Shankar
Arjith Shankar

Shankar Shanmugam (born 17 August 1963), credited mononymously as Shankar, is an Indian film director and producer who predominantly works in Tamil cinema. He was identified by S. A. Chandrasekhar. Recognized for directing high budget films, he is also a pioneer of vigilante movies in Tamil. He made his directorial debut in Gentleman (1993) produced by K. T. Kunjumon, for which he was awarded the Filmfare Best Director Award and the Tamil Nadu State Film Award for Best Director. He is the highest paid film-maker in India among his contemporaries.[2]

Two of his films, Indian (1996) and Jeans (1998), were submitted by India for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film. he was awarded an honorary doctorate by M. G. R. University.

Early life[edit]

Shankar was born on 17 August 1963 in Kumbakonam, Tamil Nadu to Muthulakshmi and Shanmugam in an Isai Vellalar family. He completed his diploma in Mechanical Engineering from Central Polytechnic College before entering the film industry.[1] He was roped into the film industry as a screenwriter by S. A. Chandrasekhar, who accidentally saw the drama stage shows made by Shankar and his team. He wanted to be an actor initially, he chose to be a director instead and became one of the leading directors in Indian Cinema.



Shankar began his career as an assistant to film directors like S. A. Chandrasekhar & Pavithran.[1] His first break in Hindi films was as an assistant director to S. A. Chandrasekhar in Jai Shiv Shankar produced by Rajesh Khanna. In 1993, he made his directional debut through Gentleman. Starring Arjun Sarja in the lead role, the film was made with a higher budget in Tamil cinema during that time, won positive response and became a blockbuster.[3]A. R. Rahman, the film's music composer continued to work with Shankar in his following 6 directorial ventures.

His second film Kadhalan, a romantic-action film was released in the following year, had Prabhu Deva in the lead role. In 1996, he collaborated with Kamal Haasan for Indian. It was dubbed in Hindi as Hindustani It was dubbed in [telugu] as [Bharateeyudu] . The film was selected as the country's submission for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film. Following Indian, Shankar began work on Jeans, which released in 1998 and became the most expensive film in Indian cinema at that time with a budget of ₹ 200 million. Upon release, it became one of the highest grossing Tamil films of the 1990s. He made his production debut through Mudhalvan (1999), was launched with Arjun Sarja playing the lead. After the actor cited schedule conflicts, Arjun Sarja joined the project.


At the same time, Shankar started to work on his next film which was supposed to be a science fiction film titled Robot, but the project could not move forward due to budgeting problems. Instead, he opted to remake Mudhalvan in Hindi as Nayak, thus making his Bollywood debut.

His musical entertainer film Boys was released in 2003, which received mixed response from the critics and audience, prompting it to do only average business. His psychological thrillerAnniyan, featuring Vikram in three distinct characters (Ambi, Remo & Anniyan) was released in 2005 with Harris Jayaraj as the composer for his film. Anniyan turned out to become the second highest grossing Tamil film of 2005. Shortly after the release of Anniyan, it was reported that Shankar had teamed up with Rajinikanth and AVM Productions for a film. He renewed his association with A. R. Rahman with the film. Sivaji was made at a budget of ₹ 600 million,[4] the most expensive Indian film at that time. He was paid with a record salary of ₹100 million for the film. After two years of filming, the film released in 2007. Ultimately it went on to become one of the highest grossing Tamil films of that time.[5]


Following Sivaji, Shankar revisited the possibilityes of opinion regarding the script, he later decided to make the project in Tamil with Rajinikanth and Aishwarya Rai. The film was produced by South Indian media proprietor, Kalanithi Maran, was renamed as Enthiran and was made on a budget of ₹1.32 billion, the most expensive Indian film. Some reports also make it one of the highest grossing Tamil films of the time.[6][7] After initial reports indicating that Shankar's next film is entitled to be with Siddharth, Shankar started to work on Nanban, the Tamil remake of the 2009 Hindi film 3 Idiots starring Vijay, Jeeva and Srikanth. The film opened in January 2012. After Nanban, it was wrongly reported that Shankar's next film would be called Therdal.[8] On 21 June 2012, Shankar announced his next film named I.[9] A romantic ting revenge upon the people who turned him into a hunchback. Vikram played the lead role, collaborating with Shankar again after Anniyan (2005), while Amy Jackson was the female lead. The film, made over a period of two and half years, released on 14 January 2015 to mixed reviews but earned almost ₹2 billion in 19 days.[10] He is currently working on the production of 2.0, a sequel to Enthiran.

Personal life[edit]

Shankar family includes his father Shanmugam, mother Muthulakshmi, his wife Easwari and two daughters and a son.


As director, writer and producer[edit]

Other credited works[edit]

1986Vasantha RaagamUncredited role as a printing press worker
Poovum PuyalumUncredited role
1990SeethaUncredited role
1994KadhalanLyricist for "Pettai Rap"
Special appearance in the song "Kadhalikum Pennin"
2002Kadhal VirusSpecial appearance as himself
2007Sivaji: The BossSpecial appearance in the song "Balleilakka"
2010EnthiranSpecial appearance
2012NanbanSpecial appearance in the song "Asku Laska"


Submissions for the Academy Award[edit]

See also: List of Indian submissions for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film

National Film Award[edit]

Filmfare Awards South[edit]

Tamil Nadu State Film Awards[edit]

Vijay Awards[edit]


External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to S.Shankar.

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Shankar is a Sanskrit word meaning "Beneficent" or "Giver of Bliss". Shankar is also the name of Hindu God, lord Shiva (Shiva shankara) the south Indian version of the name Shankara also written sometimes as Sankara.


  • S. Shankar, Tamil film director
  • Sankar (film director) (V R Shankar), Malayalam film director and writer
  • K. Shankar, Tamil film director
  • Anand Shankar, Tamil film director and writer
  • N. Shankar, Telugu Film director
  • Shankar Panikkar (born 1960), Indian film actor and director popularly known as Shankar
  • Shankar Mahadevan, singer and part of the Shankar-Ehsaan-Loy music-director trio
  • Shankar Singh Raghuvanshi, half of the Shankar Jaikishan music-director duo
  • K. Shankar Pillai (1902–1989), Indian cartoonist
  • Shankar's International Dolls Museum, New Delhi
  • L. Shankar (born 1950), Indian violinist
  • Shankar Lamichhane, Nepalese Essayist
  • Shankar Dayal Sharma (1918–1999), ninth President of India serving from 1992 to 1997
  • Shankar Nagar, Nepalese town
  • Shankar Balasubramanian, UK Chemical Biologist
  • Shankar Narayanan, Works at Athenahealth
  • Mamata Shankar (born 1955), actress in the Bengali language film industry of India
  • Uday Shankar (1900–1977), classical dancer
  • Ravi Shankar (1920–2012), famous sitar player
  • Geethali Norah Jones Shankar (Norah Jones, born 1979), American singer-songwriter, daughter of Ravi Shankar
  • Anoushka Shankar (born 1981), Indian sitar player and composer in the United States, daughter of Ravi Shankar
  • Ananda Shankar (1942–1999), Bengali musician best known for fusing Western and Eastern musical styles. He was married to Tanusree Shankar
  • Colonel Shankar, the nom de guerre of Vaithilingam Sornalingam of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam
  • Mani Shankar Mukherjee, Bengali writer popularly known as Shankar
  • Mani Shankar, Indian film-maker
  • Ravi Shankar (poet), poet and faculty member of Central Connecticut State University
  • Ramamurti Shankar, physicist
  • Sri Sri Ravi Shankar, guru and founder of the Art of Living movement
  • Shankar Party unofficial name given to the Adhyatmik Ishwariya Vishwa Vidyalaya
  • Naren Shankar, writer, producer and director of several television series
  • Adrian Shankar, English cricketer
  • Shankar Tucker, American clarinetist and music composer



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